Report and Guide

High Nitrous Oxide Fluxes From Rice Indicate the Need to Manage Water for Both Long- and Short-Term Climate Impacts

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS)

This paper reveals that intermittent flooding in rice cultivation, currently advocated to reduce methane emissions, can significantly increase nitrous oxide emissions, emphasizing the need for comprehensive assessment and co-management of water, nitrogen, and carbon to minimize the climate impacts of rice farming.